Algorithms Exercise 2


In [1]:
%matplotlib inline
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
import seaborn as sns
import numpy as np

Peak finding

Write a function find_peaks that finds and returns the indices of the local maxima in a sequence. Your function should:

  • Properly handle local maxima at the endpoints of the input array.
  • Return a Numpy array of integer indices.
  • Handle any Python iterable as input.

In [2]:
def find_peaks(a):
    """Find the indices of the local maxima in a sequence."""
    peaks = []
    for i in range(len(a)):
        if i == 0 and a[i] > a[i+1]:
        elif i == (len(a)-1) and a[i] > a[i-1]:
        elif a[i] > a[i-1] and a[i] > a[i+1]:
    return np.array(peaks)

In [3]:

array([0, 2, 4, 6])

In [4]:
p1 = find_peaks([2,0,1,0,2,0,1])
assert np.allclose(p1, np.array([0,2,4,6]))
p2 = find_peaks(np.array([0,1,2,3]))
assert np.allclose(p2, np.array([3]))
p3 = find_peaks([3,2,1,0])
assert np.allclose(p3, np.array([0]))

Here is a string with the first 10000 digits of $\pi$ (after the decimal). Write code to perform the following:

  • Convert that string to a Numpy array of integers.
  • Find the indices of the local maxima in the digits of $\pi$.
  • Use np.diff to find the distances between consequtive local maxima.
  • Visualize that distribution using an appropriately customized histogram.

In [5]:
from sympy import pi, N
pi_digits_str = str(N(pi, 10001))[2:]

In [6]:
a = pi_digits_str
b = np.array([int(a[i]) for i in range(len(a))])

In [8]:
plt.hist(np.diff(find_peaks(b)), bins=50)
plt.title("Distance Between Consecutive Maxima for First 10,000 Decimals of Pi")

In [ ]:
assert True # use this for grading the pi digits histogram