Classification in the Wild

This code comes straight from a Times project that helps us standardize campaign finance data to enable new types of analyses. Specifically, it tries to categorize a free-form occupation/employer string into a discrete job category (for example, the strings "LAWYER" and "ATTORNEY" would both be categorized under "LAW").

We use this to create one of a large number of features that inform the larger predictive model we use for standardization. But it also shows the power of simple classification in action.

In [2]:
import csv, re, string
import numpy as np
from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression
from sklearn.feature_extraction.text import CountVectorizer
from sklearn.pipeline import Pipeline

In [30]:
# Some basic setup for data-cleaning purposes
PUNCTUATION = re.compile('[%s]' % re.escape(string.punctuation))
VALID_CLASSES = ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F', 'G', 'H', 'J', 'K', 'L', 'M', 'T', 'X', 'Z']

In [16]:
# Open the training data and clean it up a bit
data = []
with open('data/category-training.csv', 'r') as f:
    inputreader = csv.reader(f, delimiter=',', quotechar='"')
    for r in inputreader:
        # Concatenate the occupation and employer strings together and remove
        # punctuation. Both occupation and employer will be used in prediction.
        text = PUNCTUATION.sub('', ' '.join(r[0:2]))
        if len(r[2]) > 1 and r[2][0] in VALID_CLASSES:
            # We're only attempting to classify the first character of the
            # industry prefix ("A", "B", etc.) -- not the whole thing. That's
            # what the r[2][0] piece is about.
            data.append([text, r[2][0]])

In [18]:
# Separate the text of the occupation/employer strings from the correct classification
    texts = np.array([el[0] for el in data])
    classes = np.array([el[1] for el in data])

In [19]:
print texts

['Owner First Priority Title Llc' 'SENIOR PARTNER ARES MANAGEMENT'
 'Owner Fair Funeral Home' 'ST MARTIN  LIRERRE LAW FIRM ']

In [20]:
print classes

['F' 'Z' 'Z' ..., 'F' 'G' 'K']

In [31]:
# Build a simple machine learning pipeline to turn the above arrays into something scikit-learn understands
pipeline = Pipeline([
  ('vectorizer', CountVectorizer(
  ('classifier',  LogisticRegression())

In [32]:
# Fit the model, np.asarray(classes))

Pipeline(steps=[('vectorizer', CountVectorizer(analyzer=u'word', binary=False, decode_error=u'strict',
        dtype=<type 'numpy.int64'>, encoding=u'utf-8', input=u'content',
        lowercase=True, max_df=66923, max_features=None, min_df=2,
        ngram_range=(1, 2), preprocessor=None, stop_words='english...',
          penalty='l2', random_state=None, solver='liblinear', tol=0.0001,

In [27]:
# Now, run some predictions. "K" means "LAW" in this case.
print pipeline.predict(['LAWYER'])


In [28]:
# It also recognizes law firms!
print pipeline.predict(['SKADDEN ARPS'])


In [34]:
# The "F" category represents business and finance.
print pipeline.predict(['CEO'])