MatplotlibEx03


Matplotlib Exercise 3

Imports


In [2]:
%matplotlib inline
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

Contour plots of 2d wavefunctions

The wavefunction of a 2d quantum well is:

$$ \psi_{n_x,n_y}(x,y) = \frac{2}{L} \sin{\left( \frac{n_x \pi x}{L} \right)} \sin{\left( \frac{n_y \pi y}{L} \right)} $$

This is a scalar field and $n_x$ and $n_y$ are quantum numbers that measure the level of excitation in the x and y directions. $L$ is the size of the well.

Define a function well2d that computes this wavefunction for values of x and y that are NumPy arrays.


In [3]:
def well2d(x, y, nx, ny, L=1.0):
    firstsine = (nx*np.pi*x)/L
    secondsine = ((ny*np.pi*y)/L)
    psi = np.array(2/L*((np.sin(firstsine)*(np.sin(secondsine)))))
    return psi

In [4]:
psi = well2d(np.linspace(0,1,10), np.linspace(0,1,10), 1, 1)
assert len(psi)==10
assert psi.shape==(10,)

The contour, contourf, pcolor and pcolormesh functions of Matplotlib can be used for effective visualizations of 2d scalar fields. Use the Matplotlib documentation to learn how to use these functions along with the numpy.meshgrid function to visualize the above wavefunction:

  • Use $n_x=3$, $n_y=2$ and $L=0$.
  • Use the limits $[0,1]$ for the x and y axis.
  • Customize your plot to make it effective and beautiful.
  • Use a non-default colormap.
  • Add a colorbar to you visualization.

First make a plot using one of the contour functions:


In [20]:
x = np.linspace(0,1,100)
y = np.linspace(0,1,100)
a,b = np.meshgrid(x,y)
well = well2d(a,b,3,2,1)
plt.figure(figsize = (15,10))
plt.colorbar(plt.contourf(a,b,well,cmap='cool'))
plt.title('Contour Plot of Wavefunction');
axis = plt.gca()
axis.get_xaxis().tick_bottom()
axis.get_yaxis().tick_left()
plt.box(False)
plt.xlabel('X')
plt.ylabel('Y');



In [6]:
assert True # use this cell for grading the contour plot

Next make a visualization using one of the pcolor functions:


In [22]:
x = np.linspace(0,1,100)
y = np.linspace(0,1,100)
a,b = np.meshgrid(x,y)
well = well2d(a,b,3,2,1)
plt.figure(figsize = (15,10))
plt.colorbar(plt.pcolor(a,b,well,cmap='cool'))
plt.title('Contour Plot of Wavefunction');
axis = plt.gca()
axis.get_xaxis().tick_bottom()
axis.get_yaxis().tick_left()
plt.box(False)
plt.xlabel('X')
plt.ylabel('Y');



In [ ]:
assert True # use this cell for grading the pcolor plot