This is not the true genetic distance between samples since we start by sampling sites that are already variable. Rather, we can use this to calculate relative genetic distance matrices among samples. To calculate true genetic distances we would need to divide by the total number of sites examined (and should take into account missing data again). We could also apply a substitution model correction for homoplasy. None of that is implemented yet.

```
In [1]:
```# conda install ipyrad -c bioconda
# conda install toyplot -c eaton-lab (optional)

```
In [1]:
```import ipyrad.analysis as ipa
import toyplot

```
In [6]:
```# the path to your VCF or HDF5 formatted snps file
data = "/home/deren/Downloads/cranos_pop4.snps.hdf5"
names = ipa.snps_extracter(data).names

```
In [7]:
```# load object again this time entering imap and minmap using names
imap = {
"DE_1": [i for i in names if "DE_1." in i],
"DE_4": [i for i in names if "DE_4." in i],
"DE_6": [i for i in names if "DE_6." in i],
"DE_8": [i for i in names if "DE_8." in i],
"DE_9": [i for i in names if "DE_9." in i],
"DE_10": [i for i in names if "DE_10." in i],
"DE_11": [i for i in names if "DE_11." in i],
"DE_12": [i for i in names if "DE_12." in i],
"DE_15": [i for i in names if "DE_15." in i],
"DE_18": [i for i in names if "DE_18." in i],
"DE_19": [i for i in names if "DE_19." in i],
"DE_22": [i for i in names if "DE_22." in i],
"DE_23": [i for i in names if "DE_23." in i],
"DE_24": [i for i in names if "DE_24." in i],
"DE_26": [i for i in names if "DE_26." in i],
}
minmap={
"DE_1": 4,
"DE_4": 4,
"DE_6": 4,
"DE_8": 4,
"DE_9": 4,
"DE_10": 4,
"DE_11": 4,
"DE_12": 4,
"DE_15": 4,
"DE_18": 4,
"DE_19": 4,
"DE_22": 4,
"DE_23": 4,
"DE_24": 4,
"DE_26": 4,
}

```
In [8]:
```# load the snp data into distance tool with arguments
from ipyrad.analysis.distance import Distance
dist = Distance(
data=data,
imap=imap,
minmap=minmap,
mincov=0.5,
impute_method="sample",
subsample_snps=False,
)
dist.run()

```
```

```
In [10]:
```# save to a CSV file
dist.dists.to_csv("cranolopha_distances.csv")

```
In [33]:
```# save to a CSV file with no labels (eems style)
dist.dists.to_csv(
"cranolopha_distances_eems.csv",
header=None,
index=False,
sep=" ",
)

```
In [28]:
```toyplot.matrix(
dist.dists,
bshow=False,
tshow=False,
);

```
```