Embedding a Bokeh server in a Notebook

This notebook shows how a Bokeh server application can be embedded inside a Jupyter notebook.

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import yaml

from bokeh.layouts import column
from bokeh.models import ColumnDataSource, Slider
from bokeh.plotting import figure
from bokeh.themes import Theme
from bokeh.io import show, output_notebook

from bokeh.sampledata.sea_surface_temperature import sea_surface_temperature


There are various application handlers that can be used to build up Bokeh documents. For example, there is a ScriptHandler that uses the code from a .py file to produce Bokeh documents. This is the handler that is used when we run bokeh serve app.py. Here we are going to use the lesser-known FunctionHandler, that gets configured with a plain Python function to build up a document.

Here is the function modify_doc(doc) that defines our app:

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def modify_doc(doc):
    df = sea_surface_temperature.copy()
    source = ColumnDataSource(data=df)

    plot = figure(x_axis_type='datetime', y_range=(0, 25),
                  y_axis_label='Temperature (Celsius)',
                  title="Sea Surface Temperature at 43.18, -70.43")
    plot.line('time', 'temperature', source=source)

    def callback(attr, old, new):
        if new == 0:
            data = df
            data = df.rolling('{0}D'.format(new)).mean()
        source.data = ColumnDataSource(data=data).data

    slider = Slider(start=0, end=30, value=0, step=1, title="Smoothing by N Days")
    slider.on_change('value', callback)

    doc.add_root(column(slider, plot))

    doc.theme = Theme(json=yaml.load("""
                background_fill_color: "#DDDDDD"
                outline_line_color: white
                toolbar_location: above
                height: 500
                width: 800
                grid_line_dash: [6, 4]
                grid_line_color: white

Now we can display our application using show, which will automatically create an Application that wraps modify_doc using FunctionHandler. The end result is that the Bokeh server will call modify_doc to build new documents for every new sessions that is opened.

Note: If the current notebook is not displayed at the default URL, you must update the notebook_url parameter in the comment below to match, and pass it to show.

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show(modify_doc) # notebook_url="http://localhost:8888"

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